3D printing will have a profound impact on the business models, value chains and economics of global manufacturing.
It enables the fabrication of customized and individual objects, in completely new business environments and potentially at home at some point in the future. It also opens up new opportunities for producing, in a cost-effective way, devices and components that cannot be manufactured efficiently using traditional techniques.
International standards play an important role in developing the additive manufacturing market. Besides standards for hardware and processes, information technology constitutes an essential element in the overall standardization value chain.
The data that drive a 3D printer can be generated either by a computer aided design (CAD) system, or a 3D scanner, or both. Their format must be interpretable by a machine and they need to be stored, exchanged, indexed and secured. Protecting data integrity is also critical when manufacturing safety or mission-critical devices or components.
Working Group 12 on 3D Printing and scanning was established to: