SC 42

Revision May 2019

ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 42 Artificial Intelligence

Introduction

ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 42 is the international standards committee responsible for standardization in the area of Artificial Intelligence (AI). It is setup as a joint committee between ISO and IEC, the international standards development organizations (SDOs).

As the focal point of standardization on AI within ISO and IEC, SC 42’s program of work looks at the entire AI ecosystem. Additionally, SC 42 is scoped to provide guidance to ISO and IEC committees developing Artificial Intelligence applications.

Its current program of work includes standardization in the areas of foundational AI standards, Big Data, AI trustworthiness, use cases, applications, governance implications of AI, computational approaches of AI, ethical and societal concerns.

Establishment

At the 32nd ISO/IEC JTC 1 Plenary in Vladivostok, Russia, Resolution 12 established SC 42 as a system integration entity for Artificial Intelligence. The resolution also appointed Mr. Wael William Diab (US) as Chair of the committee. In November 2017, ISO TMB and IEC SMB considered the JTC 1 proposal to establish SC 42. ISO was assigned as the administrator of the committee. Ms. Heather Benko (ANSI) was appointed as the Committee Manager.

The inaugural meeting was held in April of 2018, during which resolutions were adopted to address comments from the ISO TMB review. The resolutions and associated contributions were ratified by JTC 1 and provided to the ISO TMB and IEC SMB, who then completed the ratification and establishment of SC 42.

 

Scope

SC 42 was established as a systems integration entity with the following scope:

Standardization in the area of Artificial Intelligence

  • Serve as the focus and proponent for JTC 1’s standardization program on Artificial Intelligence
  • Provide guidance to JTC 1, IEC, and ISO committees developing Artificial Intelligence applications

Public Website

https://www.iso.org/committee/6794475.html

Membership

The following national bodies are members of SC 42. This is current as of the latest revision of this document.

26 Participating Members

12 Observing Members

Standards and projects under SC 42

Published

  • ISO/IEC 20546:2019 Information technology — Big data — Overview and vocabulary
    • Status: 60.60
  • ISO/IEC TR 20547-2:2018 Information technology — Big data reference architecture — Part 2: Use cases and derived requirements
    • Status: 60.60
  • ISO/IEC TR 20547-5:2018 Information technology — Big data reference architecture — Part 5: Standards roadmap
    • Status: 60.60

Under Development

  • ISO/IEC AWI TR 20547-1: Information technology — Big data reference architecture — Part 1: Framework and application process
    • Status: 20.00
  • ISO/IEC DIS 20547-3: Information technology — Big data reference architecture — Part 3: Reference architecture
    • Status: 40.00
  • ISO/IEC WD 22989: Artificial Intelligence Concepts and Terminology
    • Status: 20.20
  • ISO/IEC WD 23053: Framework for Artificial Intelligence (AI) Systems Using Machine Learning (ML)
    • Status: 20.20
  • ISO/IEC NP TR 24027: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Bias in AI systems and AI aided decision making
    • Status: 10.99
  • ISO/IEC NP TR 24028: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Overview of trustworthiness in Artificial Intelligence
    • Status: 10.99
  • ISO/IEC NP TR 24029-1: Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Assessment of the robustness of neural networks — Part 1: Overview
    • Status: 10.99
  • ISO/IEC NP TR 24030: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Use cases
    • Status: 10.99
  • ISO/IEC NP 38507: Information technology — Governance of IT — Governance implications of the use of artificial intelligence by organizations
    • Status: 10.99
  • ISO/IEC NP 23894: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence — Risk Management
    • Status: 10.99
  • ISO/IEC NP TR 24372: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence — Overview of computational approaches for AI systems
    • Status: 10.99
  • ISO/IEC NP TR 24368: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Overview of ethical and societal concerns
    • Status: 10.99

Approved External Liaisons

Category A

  • Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
    • SC 42 liaison officer: Dr. Wei Sha (China)
  • Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC)
  • Consumers International
  • Big Data Value Association (BDVA)
    • SC 42 liaison officers: Abdellatif Benjelloun Touimi (UK) and Ray Walshe (Ireland)

Category C

  • None

Approved Internal Liaisons from SC 42

  • JTC 1/SC 7 – Software and systems engineering           
  • JTC 1/SC 27 – IT security techniques    
    • SC 42 Officers: Peter Deussen (Germany), Sun Yan (China)
  • JTC 1/SC 29 – Coding of audio, picture, multimedia and hypermedia information
    • SC 42 Officers: Wo Chang (United States) and Abdellatif Benjelloun Touimi (UK)
  • JTC 1/SC 32 – Data management and interchange
    • SC 42 Officers: Wo Chang (US) and Guang Liang (China)
  • JTC 1/SC 34 – Document description and processing languages
  • JTC 1/SC 36 – Information technology for learning, education and training
    • SC 42 Officer: Bruce Peoples (United States)
  • JTC 1/SC 37 – Biometrics
    • SC 42 Officers: Brianna Brownell (Canada), Frank Rudzicz (Canada)
  • JTC 1/SC 38 – Cloud computing and distributed platforms
    • SC 42 Officers: Peter Deussen (Germany), David Filip (Ireland)
  • JTC 1/SC 39 – Sustainability for and by Information Technology
    • SC 42 Officer: Yoav Evenstein (Israel)
  • JTC 1/SC 40 – IT Service Management and IT Governance
    • SC 42 Officer: Geoff Clarke (Australia)
  • JTC 1/SC 41 – Internet of things and related technologies
    • SC 42 Officer: Wei Wei (Germany)
  • JTC 1 (WG 11) – Smart cities
    • SC 42 Officer: Tangli Liu (China)
  • ISO/TC 37 – Language and terminology
    • SC 42 Officer: David Filip (Ireland)
  • ISO/TC 69 – Applications of statistical methods
    • SC 42 Officer: Radouane Oudrhiri (United Kingdom)
  • ISO/TC 204 – Intelligent Transport Systems
    • SC 42 Officer: Wael William Diab (Chair)
  • ISO/TC 215 – Health informatics
    • SC 42 Officer: Paolo Alcini (Italy)
  • ISO/TC 262 – Risk management
    • SC 42 Officer: Pat Baird (United States)
  • ISO/TC 299 – Robotics
    • SC 42 Officer: David Dubois (Canada)
  • ISO/TC 307 – Blockchain and distributed ledger technologies
    • SC 42 Officer: Li Bin (China), Dapeng Zhang (China)
  • ISO/TC 309 – Governance of organizations
    • SC 42 Officer: Victoria Hailey (Canada)
  • IEC SyC Smart Cities   
    • SC 42 Officer: Tangli Liu (China)
  • IEC SyC AAL – Active Assisted Living
    • SC 42 Officer: David Martin (United States)
  • IEC TC 65 – Industrial – Process measurement, control and automation
    • SC 42 Officers: Wael William Diab (SC 42 Chair), Wei Wei (Germany) and Rudy Belliardi (TC 65 Secretary)

Approved Internal Liaisons to SC 42

  • JTC 1 (WG 11) – Smart Cities
    • Officer: Howard Choe
  • JTC 1/SC 7 – Software and systems engineering
    • Officers: Stuart Reid (United Kingdom) and Shuji Kinoshita          (Japan)
  • JTC 1/SC 32 – Data management and interchange
    • Officers: Dawson Liu and Jan Michels
  • JTC 1/SC 36 – Information technology for learning, education and training
    • Officer: Jon Mason (Australia)
  • JTC 1/SC 37 – Biometrics
    • Officer: Markku Metsämäki (Finland)
  • JTC 1/SC 38 – Cloud computing and distributed platforms
    • Officer: Toshiro Suzuki (Japan)
  • JTC 1/SC 40 – IT Service Management and IT Governance
    • Officer: Terry Landers (Ireland)
  • JTC 1/SC 41 – Internet of things and related technologies
    • Officers: Osten Franberg (Sweden) and Luke Fay (United States)
  • ISO/PC 317 – Consumer protection: privacy by design for consumer goods and services
    • Officer: Jacqueline Zoest (United Kingdom)
  • ISO/TC 20 – Aircraft and space vehicles
    • Officer: Karim Benmeziane (France)
  • ISO/TC 37 – Language and terminology
    • Officer: David Filip (Ireland)
  • ISO/TC 42 – Photography
    • Officer: Scott Foshee (United States)
  • ISO/TC 69 – Applications of statistical methods
    • Officer: Radouane Oudrhiri (United Kingdom)
  • ISO/TC 211 – Geographic information/Geomatics
    • Officers: Chris Body (Australia), Jean Brodeur (Canada) and Liping Di (United States)
  • ISO/TC 215 – Health infomatics
    • Officer: Paolo Alcini (Italy)
  • ISO/TC 307 – Blockchain and distributed ledger technologies
    • Officer: Janna Lingenfelder (Germany)
  • ISO/TC 309 – Governance of organizations
    • Officer: Michael Kayser
  • IEC SyC AAL
    • Officer: Ulrike Haltrich
  • IEC TC 65 – Industrial – Process measurement, control and automation
    • Officers: Wael William Diab (SC 42 Chair) and Rudy Belliardi (TC 65 Secretary)

Current SC 42 Officers

Position Officer Name Originating National Body
SC 42 Chair Wael William Diab USA (ANSI)
SC 42 Committee Manager Heather Benko USA (ANSI)
SC 42/WG 1 Convener Paul Cotton Canada (SCC)
SC 42/WG 2 Convener Wo Chang USA (ANSI)
SC 42/WG 3 Convener David Filip Ireland (NSAI)
SC 42/WG 3 Secretariat Barry Smith Ireland (NSAI)
SC 42/WG 4 Convener Fumihiro Maruyama Japan (JISC)
SC 42/WG 4 Secretariat Nobuhiro Hosokawa Japan (JISC)
SC 42/WG 5 Convener Tangli Liu China (SAC)
SC 42/WG 5 Secretariat Qun Zhang China (SAC)
SC 42/JWG 1 Convener Janna Lingenfelder Germany (DIN)
SC 42/JWG 1 Co-Convenor Gyeung-min Kim Korea, Republic of (KATS)
SC 42/JWG 1 Secretariat Sobhi Mahmoud Germany (DIN)
SC 42/AHG Convener Wael William Diab USA (ANSI)
SC 42/AHG Secretariat Heather Benko USA (ANSI)

Previous SC 42 Officers

Position Officer Name Originating National Body
SC 42/SG 1 Convener Tangli Liu China (SAC)
SC 42/SG 1 Secretariat Qun Zhang China (SAC)
SC 42/SG 2 Convener David Filip Ireland (NSAI)
SC 42/SG 2 Secretariat Barry Smith Ireland (NSAI)
SC 42/SG 3 Convener Fumihiro Maruyama Japan (JISC)
SC 42/SG 3 Secretariat Nobuhiro Hosokawa Japan (JISC)

Editors

  • ISO/IEC TR 20547-1: David Boyd (United States)
  • ISO/IEC 20547-3: Ray Walshe (Ireland)
  • ISO/IEC 22989: Wei Wei (Germany)
  • ISO/IEC 23053: Milan Patel (United Kingdom)
  • ISO/IEC TR 24027: Adam Leon Smith (UK)
  • ISO/IEC TR 24028: Orit Levin (United States)
  • ISO/IEC TR 24029-1: Arnault Ioualalen (France)
  • ISO/IEC TR 24030: Yuchang Cheng (Japan)
  • ISO/IEC 38507: Peter Brown (UK)
  • ISO/IEC 23894: Peter Deussen (Germany)
  • ISO/IEC TR 24372: Wanzhong Ma (China)
  • ISO/IEC TR 24368: Mikael Hjalmarson (Sweden)  

SC 42 Participation in JTC 1 Advisory Groups (AGs) and Ad-hoc Groups (AHGs)

SC 42 participates in the following activities under JTC 1 study groups and special working groups:

  • AG on Communications
    • SC 42 primary representative: Wael William Diab
  • AG on Emerging Technology and Innovation (JETI)
    • SC 42 primary representative: SangBeom Ham
  • AG on Standards and Regulations
    • SC 42 primary representative: John Calhoon
  • AG on Open Source Software
    • SC 42 primary representative: Norbert Bensalem
  • AG on Quantum Computing
    • SC 42 primary representative: Steve Holbrook
  • AG on Autonomous and Data Rich Vehicles
    • SC 42 primary representative: Fumihiro Maruyama
  • AG on Trustworthiness
    • SC 42 primary representative: David Filip
  • AG on Meta Reference Architecture and Reference Architecture for Systems Integration
    • SC 42 primary representative: Wo Chang
  • AG on Data Usage
    • SC 42 primary representative: Ray Walshe
  • AG on Digital Twin
    • SC 42 primary representative: Juergen Heiles

Working Groups

Working Group 1 – Foundational standards (Current)

SC 42 established Working Group 1 on foundational standards at its inaugural plenary meeting.

The working group (SC 42/WG 1) took on the two currently approved projects:

  • ISO/IEC AWI 22989: Artificial Intelligence Concepts and Terminology
  • ISO/IEC AWI 23053: Framework for Artificial Intelligence Systems Using Machine Learning

At the second plenary meeting, SC 42 assigned the following TOR to WG 1:

  • Development of foundational standards for Artificial Intelligence

In addition to the assigned projects, this WG is tasked with studying and incorporating material presented on lifecycle, which will be included in the existing two projects.

Officers

  • Convenor: Paul Cotton (Canada) was appointed as Convenor of SC 42/WG 1. 2018-04-20 to present
  • Project editors:
    • ISO/IEC 22989:  Wei Wei (Germany). 2018-04-20 to present
    • ISO/IEC 23053:  Milan Patel (United Kingdom). 2018-04-20 to present

Working Group 2 – Big Data (Current)

SC 42 established Working Group 2 on big data at its second plenary meeting. The working group (SC 42/WG 2) took on the three currently approved and open big data projects:

  • ISO/IEC 20546: Information technology — Big data — Overview and vocabulary
  • ISO/IEC TR 20547-1: Information technology — Big data reference architecture — Part 1: Framework and application process
  • ISO/IEC DIS 20547-3: Information technology — Big data reference architecture — Part 3: Reference architecture

At the second plenary meeting, SC 42 assigned the following TOR to WG 2:

  • Standardization in the area of Big Data

ISO/IEC 20546 was completed and reached publication in 2019.

Officers

  • Convenor: Wo Chang (United States) was appointed as Convenor of SC 42/WG 2. 2018-10-12 to present
  • Project editors:
    • ISO/IEC 20546: David Boyd (United States). 2018-10-12 to publication
    • ISO/IEC 20547-1: David Boyd (United States). 2019-01-14 to present
    • ISO/IEC 20547-3: Ray Walshe (Ireland). 2018-10-12 to present

In addition to the assigned projects, this WG was tasked with considering material presented in the 2 NWIPs related to Big Data.

Working Group 3 – Trustworthiness (Current)

SC 42 established Working Group 3 on trustworthiness at its second plenary meeting. The working group (SC 42/WG 3) took on the three newly approved trustworthiness projects:

  • ISO/IEC NP TR 24027: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Bias in AI systems and AI aided decision making
  • ISO/IEC NP TR 24028: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Overview of trustworthiness in Artificial Intelligence
  • ISO/IEC NP TR 24029-1: Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Assessment of the robustness of neural networks — Part 1: Overview

At the second plenary meeting, SC 42 assigned the following TOR to WG 3:

  • Standardization in the area of AI Trustworthiness

At the second plenary meeting, SC 42 authorized the initiation of a NP ballot, which was subsequently approved on February 13th 2019, and assigned to WG 3, on risk management:

  • ISO/IEC NP 23894: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence — Risk Management

At the third plenary meeting, SC 42 approved and assigned to WG 3 a new project on AI ethical and societal concerns:

  • ISO/IEC NP 24368: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence — Overview of Ethical and Societal Concerns

Officers

  • Convenor: David Filip (Ireland) was appointed as Convenor of SC 42/WG 3. 2018-10-12 to present
  • Secretariat: Barry Smith (Ireland) was appointed as Secretariat of SC 42/WG 3. 2018-10-12 to present

Project editors:

  • ISO/IEC NP TR 24027: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Bias in AI systems and AI aided decision making: Adam Leon Smith (United Kingdom) 2019-04-12 to present
    • ISO/IEC NP TR 24028: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Overview of trustworthiness in Artificial Intelligence: Orit Levin (United States) 2018-10-12 to present
    • ISO/IEC NP TR 24029-1: Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Assessment of the robustness of neural networks — Part 1: Overview: Arnault Ioualalen (France) 2018-10-12 to present
    • ISO/IEC NP 23894: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence — Risk Management: Peter Duessen (Germany) 2018-02-13 to present
    • ISO/IEC NP TR 24368: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Overview of Ethical and Societal Concerns: Mikael Hjalmarson (Sweden) 2019-04-12 to present

In addition to the assigned projects, this WG was tasked with remainder of the TORs from SG 2 for study.

Working Group 4 – Use cases and applications (Current)

SC 42 established Working Group 4 on use cases and applications at its second plenary meeting. The working group (SC 42/WG 4) took on one newly approved project:

  • ISO/IEC NP TR 24030: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Use cases

At the second plenary meeting, SC 42 assigned the following TOR to WG 4:

  • Use cases and applications for AI Standardization

Officers

  • Convenor: Fumihiro Murayama (Japan) was appointed as Convenor of SC 42/WG 4. 2018-10-12 to present
  • Secretariat: Nobuhiro Hosokawa (Japan) was appointed as Secretariat of SC 42/WG 4. 2018-10-12 to present
  • Project editors:
    • ISO/IEC NP TR 24030: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Use cases: Yuchang Cheng (Japan) 2018-10-12 to present

In addition to the assigned projects, this WG was tasked with remainder of the TORs from SG 3 for study.

Working Group 5 – Computational approaches and computational characteristics of AI systems (Current)

SC 42 established Working Group 5 on computational approaches and computational characteristics of AI systems at its third plenary meeting. The working group (SC 42/WG 5) took on one newly approved project:

  • ISO/IEC NP TR 24372: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Overview of computational approaches for AI systems

At the third plenary meeting, SC 42 assigned the following TOR to WG 5:

  • Standardization in the area of computational approaches and computational characteristics of AI systems

Officers

  • Convenor: Tangli Liu (China) was appointed as Convenor of SC 42/WG 5. 2019-04-12 to present
  • Secretariat: Qun Zhang (China) was appointed as Secretariat of SC 42/WG 5. 2019-04-12 to present
  • Project editors:
    • ISO/IEC NP TR 24372: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Overview of computational approaches for AI systems: Wanzhong Ma (China) 2019-04-12 to present

Joint Working Group 1 – Governance Implications of AI (Current)

SC 42 recommended the establishment of a joint working group with SC 40, with the administrative lead held by SC 42, to JTC 1 on the governance implications of AI at its second plenary meeting. JTC 1 subsequently affirmed the SC 42 recommendation at its November 2018 plenary. The working group (SC 42/JWG 1) took on one newly approved project:

  • ISO/IEC NP 38507: Information technology — Governance of IT — Governance implications of the use of artificial intelligence by organizations

The following TOR was assigned to JWG 1:

  • Governance Implications of AI

Officers

  • Convenor: Janna Lingenfelder (Germany, SC 42) was appointed as Convenor of SC 42/JWG 1. 2018-11-09 to present (SC 42 resolution 2018-10-12)
  • Co-Convenor: Gyeung-min Kim (Republic of Korea, SC 40) was appointed as Co-Convenor of SC 42/JWG 1. 2018-11-09 to present
  • Secretariat: Subhi Mahmoud (Germany, SC 42) was appointed as Secretariat of SC 42/JWG 3. 2018-11-09 to present (SC 42 resolution 2018-10-12)
  • Project editors:
    • ISO/IEC NP 38507: Information technology — Governance of IT — Governance implications of the use of artificial intelligence by organizations: Peter Brown (UK) 2018-11-09 to present (SC 42 resolution 2018-10-12)

Study Groups

Study Group 1 – Computational approaches and characteristics of artificial intelligence systems (Completed)

SC 42 established Study Group 1 on Computational approaches and characteristics of artificial intelligence systems at its first plenary and reestablished the study group at its second plenary. The following are the current terms of reference:

  • Study different technologies (e.g., ML algorithms, reasoning etc.) used by the AI systems including their properties and characteristics.
  • Study existing specialized AI systems (e.g., NLP or computer vision) to understand and identify their underlying computational approaches, architectures, and characteristics.
  • Study industry practices, processes and methods for the application of AI systems.
  • Develop new work item proposals as appropriate and recommend placement.
  • Report to the next SC 42 Plenary.
  • Membership in the Study Group is open to SC 42 P- and O-members and Liaison organizations.

Officers

  • Convenor: Tangli Liu (China) was appointed as Convenor of SC 42/SG 1. 2018-04-20 to 2019-04-12
  • Secretariat: Qun Zhang (China) was appointed as Secretariat of SC 42/SG 1. 2018-04-20 to 2019-04-12

SG 1 was disbanded by resolution at the closing of the third SC 42 plenary meeting. SC 42 requested the SG 1 leadership to submit the final study report to SC 42 by May 31st 2019. Upon receipt of the final report, SC 42 will review the report’s recommendation and consider potential work items for necessary follow up action.

Study Group 2 – Trustworthiness (Completed)

SC 42 established Study Group 2 on Trustworthiness at its first plenary, with the following terms of reference:

  • Investigate approaches to establish trust in AI systems through transparency, verifiability, explainability, controllability, etc.
  • Investigate engineering pitfalls and assess typical associated threats and risks to AI systems with their mitigation techniques and methods.
  • Investigate approaches to achieve AI systems’ robustness, resiliency, reliability, accuracy, safety, security, privacy, etc.
  • Investigate types of sources of bias in AI systems with a goal of minimization, including but not limited to statistical bias in AI systems and AI aided decision making.
  • Develop new work item proposals as appropriate and recommend placement.
  • Report to the second SC 42 Plenary, including but not limited to a dedicated report on robustness of AI Systems.
  • Membership in the Study Group is open to SC 42 P- and O-members and liaison organizations.

Officers:

  • Convenor: David Filip (Ireland) was appointed as Convenor of SC 42/SG 2. 2018-04-20 to 2018-10-12
  • Secretariat: Barry Smith (Ireland) was appointed as Secretariat of SC 42/SG 2. 2018-10-12 to 2018-10-12

SG 2 was disbanded by resolution at the closing of the second SC 42 plenary meeting. SG 2 submitted its final report on robustness to SC 42 at closing of the second plenary. The balance of study items that were not completed were assigned to WG 3.

Study Group 3 – Use cases and applications (Completed)

SC 42 established Study Group 3 on Use Cases and applications at its first plenary, with the following terms of reference:

  • Identify different AI application domains (e.g., social networks and embedded systems) and the different context of their use (e.g., fintech, health care, smart home, and autonomous cars).
  • Collect representative use cases.
  • Describe applications and use cases using the terminology and concepts defined in ISO/IEC AWI 22989 and ISO/IEC AWI 23053 and extend the terms as necessary.
  • Develop new work item proposals as appropriate and recommend placement.
  • Report to the second SC 42 Plenary.
  • Membership in the Study Group is open to SC 42 P- and O-members and liaison organizations.

Officers:

  • Convenor: Fumihiro Maruyama (Japan) was appointed as Convenor of SC 42/SG 3. 2018-04-20 to 2018-10-12
  • Secretariat: Nobuhiro Hosokawa (Japan) was appointed as Secretariat of SC 42/WG 3. 2018-10-12 to 2018-10-12

SG 3 was disbanded by resolution at the closing of the second SC 42 plenary meeting. The balance of study items that were not completed were assigned to WG 4.

Other Groups

SC 42/AHG Dissemination and Outreach (Current)

Ad-hoc group created by resolution 47/2018 (see SC 42 N 207) at the 2nd plenary with the following terms of reference:

  • Develop information about JTC 1/SC 42 activities to relevant communities; and
  • Identify new opportunities to increase awareness and engagement with industry and stakeholders

Ad-hoc group was re-established by resolution 77/2019 (see SC 42 N 316) at the 3rd plenary with the same terms of reference and leadership.

Convenor: Wael William Diab (SC 42 Chair)

Secretariat: Heather Benko (SC 42 Secretariat)

SC 42/AHG Response to SC 38 on ISO/IEC 19944:AMD1 (Current)

Ad-hoc group created by resolution at the 3rd plenary to provide feedback on the AI related parts of the JTC 1/SC 38 CD ballot of ISO/IEC 19944:AMD1. Refer to resolution 51/2019 (see SC 42 N 316).

Convenor: Peter Deussen (Germany)

SC 42/AHG Intelligent Systems Engineering (Current)

Ad-hoc group created during the 3rd plenary to discuss and clarify the Italian proposal (SC 42 N 244), regarding the integration of AI from an intelligent systems engineering point of view taking into account the relation and impact on existing SC 42 projects.

The ad-hoc group requested from and was approved during the closing plenary to be re-established till the 4th SC 42 plenary. Refer to resolution 66/2019 (see SC 42 N 316).

Convenor: Luigi Troiano (Italy)

SC 42/AHG Ethical and Sustainable AI (Completed)

Ad-hoc group created during the 3rd plenary to resolve scope text for a TR on “Ethical and Sustainable AI” as result of the presentation from Sweden on a potential new work item, SC42 N 250.

The ad-hoc was given the following ToR:

Propose a scope for a potential TR taking into account the concerns raised, specifically:

  • value judgement
  • exhaustive checklist
  • explainability
  • inclusivity of various regional perspectives
  • clarification of the English wording

The ad hoc should consider the resultant scope in relation to and impact on existing projects within SC 42.

AHG completed its work successfully during the plenary, with the report forming the input for resolution 65/2019 (see SC 42 N 316).

Convenor: Mikael Hjalmarson (Sweden)

SC 42/AHG Business plan review (Completed)

Ad-hoc group created during the 2nd plenary to review the draft business plan from the SC 42 chair. AHG completed its work successfully during the plenary, with the contribution forming the input for resolution 48/2018 (see SC 42 N 207).

Convenor: Wael William Diab (SC 42 Chair)

Secretariat: Heather Benko (SC 42 Secretariat)

SC 42/AHG Societal concerns (Completed)

Ad-hoc group created during the 1st plenary to develop a contribution in response to the TMB request for clarification regarding societal concerns. AHG completed its work successfully during the plenary, with the contribution forming the input for resolution 2/2018 (see SC 42 N 078).

Convenor: John Calhoon (USA)

SC 42/AHG Study groups terms of reference (Completed)

Ad-hoc group created during the 1st plenary to develop proposed terms of reference for SC 42 study groups based on contributions into the plenary. AHG completed its work successfully during the plenary, which resulted input to the resolutions creating the three SGs (see SC 42 N 078).

Convenor: David Filip (Ireland)

Highlights of the SC 42 Plenary Meetings 

Third Plenary Meeting

The third plenary meeting was held in Dublin, Ireland on April 8th – 12th 2019, at the end of which the structure for the program of work was updated.

Highlights of the meeting

  • Establishment of a new working group
    • WG 5 Computational approaches and computational characteristics of AI systems
  • Initial face-to-face meeting of JWG 1 on Governance Implications of AI that is between SC 42 and SC 40, administered by SC 42
  • Newly approved projects
    • Ethics and Societal Concerns (under WG 3)
      • ISO/IEC NP TR 24368: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Overview of Ethical and Societal Concerns
        • Mikael Hjalmarson (Sweden) confirmed as editor. Project plan approved by SC 42
      • Work on ethics and societal concerns also continues across the SC 42 program of work e.g. use cases under WG 4
    • Computational Methods of AI Systems (under WG 5)
      • ISO/IEC NP TR 24372: Information Technology — Artificial Intelligence — Use Overview of Computational Methods for AI Systems
        • Wanzhong Ma (China) confirmed as editor. Project plan approved by SC 42
  • SC 42 agreement to launch NP ballot for “Information technology — Artificial intelligence — Process Management Framework for big data analytics”
  • Highlights of project and working group key progress
    • Foundational AI (under WG 1)
      • AI Definition: WG1 replaced the 5 definitions of “artificial intelligence” with a single new definition
      • Clarification of Scope of ISO/IEC 22989: SC 42 approved WG 1’s request that the 22989 Scope be clarified with the following change:
        • This document establishes terminology for Artificial Intelligence (AI) and describes concepts in the field of AI
        • This document can be used in the development of other standards and in support of communications among diverse, interested parties/stakeholders
        • This document is applicable to all types of organizations (e.g., commercial enterprises, government agencies, not-for-profit organizations)
      • WG 1 is intending to make the generic IT lifecycle material in WD 22989 more AI-specific
    • Big Data (under WG 2)
      • ISO/IEC TR 20547-1: Information technology — Big data reference architecture — Part 1: Framework and application process moved to WD4
      • ISO/IEC DIS 20547-3: Information technology — Big data reference architecture — Part 3: Reference architecture approved for registration to 2nd DIS
    • Trustworthiness (under WG 3)
      • Submission of ISO/IEC DTR 24028 “Information technology — Artificial

Intelligence — Overview of Trustworthiness of AI” for DTR Balloting

  • Change of the target date for publication of ISO/IEC DTR 24029-1, Information technology — Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Assessment of the robustness of neural networks, Part 1: Overview, from August 2019 to 31 May 2020.
    • SC 42 requests that WG 3 review the SC 27 Study Period “AI impact on privacy” and provide comments via the Liaison Representative of SC 42 towards SC 27 by 15 June 2019.
    • Confirmation of Adam Leon Smith (UK) as editor of ISO/IEC TR 24027
    • AI use cases and application (under WG 4)
      • Change of the target date for publication of ISO/IEC DTR 24030, Information technology — Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Use cases, from 31 January 2020 to 31 March 2020
      • Approval of liaison statement from SC 42 requesting use cases to over 15 liaison organizations
    • AI Governance (under JWG 1)
      • SC 42 agrees to establish the following target dates to progress the development ISO/IEC 38507, Information technology — Governance of IT — Governance implications of the use of artificial intelligence by organizations:
        • Committee Draft (Stage 30.00) – 27 April 2020
        • DIS Registered (Stage 40.00) – 16 November 2020
        • FDIS Registered (Stage 50.00) – 2 August 2021
        • IS Published (Stage 60.00) – 22 November 2021
  • New areas of study and collaboration
    • Re-establishment of SC 42 ad hoc on Intelligent systems engineering
    • Updates on the work across JTC 1 that SC 42 is involved in a number of areas including trustworthiness, quantum computing, data usage, meta reference architectures, JETI, data rich vehicles, communications etc.
    • Establishment of SC 42 ad hoc to respond to SC 38 on ISO/IEC 19944:AMD1
  • AHG on Dissemination and Outreach was reestablished and reported on the great efforts to evangelize the program of work of SC 42 thanking the IEC communications team (Antoinette and Mike) and ISO communications team (Liz, Catherine and Barnaby) for their support
  • Guest speaker from the European Commission, in support of a potential liaison, emphasizing the importance of standardization work on AI and Big Data
  • Liaisons
    • establishment of additional new external liaisons
      • Category A with Consumers International
      • Category A with Big Data Value Association (BDVA)
    • establishment of additional new internal liaisons
      • liaison with IEC TC 65 Industrial – Process measurement, control and automation
      • liaison with ISO/TC 37 on Language and terminology
  • Future meeting planning
    • confirmed hosts and dates for the 4th, 5th and 6th plenaries
      • 4th Plenary: Week of October 7th 2019 in Tokyo, Japan
      • 5th Plenary: Week of April 6th 2020 in Paris, France
      • 6th Plenary: Week of October 19th 2020 in Montreal, Canada
    • tentative plans and hosts for 2021 announced
      • 7th Plenary: April 2021 in St. Petersburg, Russia
      • 8th Plenary: September/October 2021 in Salerno, Italy

SC 42 3rd Plenary, April 2019, Dublin, Ireland

SC 42 3rd Plenary, Leadership Team, April 2019, Dublin, Ireland

Second Plenary Meeting

The second plenary meeting was held in Sunnyvale, California, USA on October 8th – 12th 2018, at the end of which the initial structure for the program of work was updated.

Highlights of the meeting

  • Establishment of 3 new working groups and re-establishment of 1 study group
    • WG 2 Big Data
    • WG 3 Trustworthiness
    • WG 4 Use cases and applications
    • SG 1 Computational approaches and characteristics of artificial intelligence systems
  • Newly approved projects
    • Trustworthiness (3 new projects under WG 3)
      • ISO/IEC NP TR 24027: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Bias in AI systems and AI aided decision making
        • Jutta Williams (United States) confirmed as editor. Project plan approved by SC 42
      • ISO/IEC NP TR 24028: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Overview of trustworthiness in Artificial Intelligence
        • Orit Levin (United States) confirmed as editor. Project plan approved by SC 42
      • ISO/IEC NP TR 24029-1: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence (AI) — Assessment of the robustness of neural networks — Part 1: Overview
        • Arnault Ioualalen (France) confirmed as editor. Project plan approved by SC 42
    • Use cases and applications (under WG 4)
      • ISO/IEC NP TR 24030: Information technology — Artificial Intelligence — Use cases
        • Yuchang Cheng (Japan) confirmed as editor. Project plan approved by SC 42
  • Project progress
    • Existing projects and study group reports
      • Foundational AI work (under WG 1)
        • ISO/IEC AWI 22989 – Artificial Intelligence Concepts and Terminology
          • disposition of comments and initial contributions against NWIP
          • NWIP comments accepted by SC 42 and sent to JTC 1 secretariat for information
          • initial working draft created. 2nd working drafts due 11/8/18
          • project plan created and adopted by SC 42
        • ISO/IEC AWI 23053 – Framework for Artificial Intelligence Systems Using Machine Learning
          • disposition of comments and initial contributions against NWIP
          • NWIP comments accepted by SC 42 and sent to JTC 1 secretariat for information
          • initial working draft created. 2nd working drafts due 11/8/18
          • project plan created and adopted by SC 42
      • Big Data projects (under WG 2)
        • Existing projects underway assigned to WG 2
        • ISO/IEC 20546: Information technology — Big data — Overview and vocabulary
          • editor confirmed
          • CRM completed. To be submitted to FDIS
          • project plan created and adopted by SC 42
        • ISO/IEC TR 20547-1: Information technology — Big data reference architecture — Part 1: Framework and application process
          • project plan created and adopted by SC 42
        • ISO/IEC DIS 20547-3: Information technology — Big data reference architecture — Part 3: Reference architecture
          • editor confirmed
          • CRM to be scheduled
          • project plan created and adopted by SC 42
      • Study group report on robustness in the area of AI trustworthiness completed by SG 2, submitted to SC 42 and accepted by SC 42
  • New project proposals and areas of study
    • Foundational
      • AI Lifecycle: review and discussion of material on lifecycle for further consideration
    • Big data
      • 3 Big Data related NWIPs (2 from China and 1 from India) assigned to WG 2 for further consideration and discussion
        • India NP on process management for data analytics
        • China NPs related to Big Data interfaces
    • Trustworthiness
      • 1 trustworthiness related NWIP (originated by Germany) related to risk assessment discussed at plenary and SG 2 will result in a NWIP ballot from SC 42
      • Outstanding items of study from SG 2 assigned as tasks to WG 3
    • Use cases and applications
      • Outstanding items of study from SG 3 assigned as tasks to WG 4
    • Computational
      • In addition to previous terms of reference, 1 computational related NWIP (from Canada) assigned to SG 1 for further consideration and discussion
  • Incorporation of societal concerns into the program of work to be done via tasks/projects in WG 3 and WG 4 for now
  • Response to action from the JAG on proposed AI Governance project, JWG and scope
  • SC 42 supports the project conditional on the administrative lead being in SC 42. Convenor and affirmation of the editor proposed by SC 40 given conditional on the administrative lead in SC 42 for the proposed JWG
  • Liaisons
    • establishment of additional new internal liaisons
      • liaison with JTC 1/SC 37 on Biometrics
      • liaison with IEC Systems Committee on Active Assisted Living
      • liaison with ISO/TC 204 on Intelligence Transport Systems
      • liaison with ISO/TC 262 Risk Management
    • consideration of reports and collaboration via liaison with internal and external liaisons, which included assignment of tasks to the SC 42 subgroups on relevant areas for consideration
  • Review and approval of SC 42 business plan
  • Future meeting planning
    • confirmed hosts and dates for the 3rd and 4th plenaries in 2019
      • 3rd Plenary: Week of April 8th in Dublin, Ireland
      • 4th Plenary: Week of October 7th in Tokyo, Japan
    • tentative plans and hosts for 2020 announced
      • 5th Plenary: April 2020 in Paris, France
      • 6th Plenary: Fall 2020 in Montreal, Canada

SC 42 2nd Plenary, October 2018, Sunnyvale, California, USA

SC 42 2nd Plenary, Leadership Team, October 2018, Sunnyvale, California, USA

Inaugural Plenary Meeting

The inaugural meeting was held in Beijing, China on April 18th – 20th 2018, at the end of which an initial structure for the program of work was established.

In addition, a resolution (SC 42 N078 Beijing Resolution 1) to endorse the JTC 1 resolution (JTC 1 Vladivostok Resolution 13) to transfer the Big Data work program from JTC 1/WG 9 to SC 42 was passed.

Further, a resolution (SC 42 N078 Beijing Resolution 2) for the inclusion of societal concerns in SC 42 program of work was passed. This resolution noted TMB Resolution 125/2017, SC 42 and in response, recognized that the term “societal concerns” is very broad and may have contextual meaning that is both within and outside the scope of JTC 1. The resolution approved SC 42 N 077 as a contribution to JTC 1 in response and requested that the exclusion of Societal Concerns from the SC 42 program of work be removed in line with the explanations provided in document SC 42 N 077. SC 42 also requested that the JTC 1 secretary forward this request and SC 42 N 077 to the ISO TMB for its consideration.

All SC 42 resolutions may be found at SC 42 N078 or JTC 1 N13720.

Approved SC 42 structure based on the resolutions from the inaugural meeting

The initial structure was determined during the April 2018 plenary meeting in Beijing to comprise 1 WG and 3 SGs:

  • foundational standards working group
  • computational approaches and characteristics of artificial intelligence systems study group
  • trustworthiness study group
  • use cases and applications study group

Other items of note from the 1st Plenary Meeting

  • Internal and external liaisons were established as summarized in the introduction section
  • A request for a call for internal liaison officers was agreed
  • A request to reach out to 3 potential external liaisons was agreed
    • AI Task Force
    • Partnership on AI
    • Cloud Security Alliance (CSA)
  • Assignment of editors and projects as previously summarized
  • Establishment of future meetings
    • SC 42 subgroups: will meet face to face with the plenary with teleconference meetings are to be held in between

SC 42 1st Plenary,April 2018, Beijing, China

SC 42 1st Plenary,Leadership Team, April 2018, Beijing, China

Meetings

Past meetings

  • 1st meeting: 18-20 April, 2018; Beijing, China
  • 2nd meeting: 08-12 October 2018; Sunnyvale, California, USA
  • 3rd meeting: 08-12 April 2019; Dublin, Ireland

Future Meetings

  • 4th meeting: 07-11 October 2019, Tokyo, Japan
  • 5th meeting: 06-10 April 2020, Paris, France
  • 6th meeting: 19-23 October 2020, Montreal, Canada
  • 7th meeting: April 2021, St. Petersburg, Russia (Tentative)
  • 8th meeting: September/October 2021, Salerno, Italy (Tentative)

Additional Information, Communications and Press Coverage

Press Coverage Related to SC 42 Formation, Overview and Program of Work

  • IEC news announcing the key outcomes of the 3rd plenary (April 23rd, 2019)
  • IEC news announcing the start of the 3rd plenary (April 9th 2019)
  • ISO news article (18th October 2018)
  • JTC 1 press committee article (30th May 2018)
  • IEC e-tech article (17th May 2018). Additional circulations
    • Published on UNE (Spain National Body) website (September 2018)       
    • Published on ILNAS (Luxemburg National Body) website (27th April 2018)
      • Note: not a direct reprint but used the photo
  • ANSI news article on the formation of SC 42 (16th January 2018)
  • Introduction of SC 42 in the IEC MSB White Paper on Artificial Intelligence

Other media coverage

Twitter

  • ISO (@isostandards)
    • Tweet Chat on standards on Artificial Intelligence with Chair of SC 42 (25th October). Hashtags: #ISOchat #Standards4AI
  • IEC (@IECStandards)
    • Article on New international standard will help organization boards and executive managers ask and answer key questions about AI technologies (12th February 2019)
    • Article on International standards play a key role in addressing the ethical, technical, safety and security aspects (6th February 2019)
    • Article and video on Standardization can help eliminate data bias in AI (4th February 2019)
    • Article and video on Chair of SC 42 explains the growing influence of AI in Smart Manufacturing (4th February 2019)
    • Article on Chair of SC 42 will lead a session at the CEN/CENELEC workshop on Trustworthy Artificial Intelligence (10th Aug 2018)

IEC Medium Publications

  • IEC blog on The need for Big Data Standards – An interview of the SC 42/WG 2 convenor (April 24th 2019)
  • IEC blog on New international standard will offer risk management framework for AI (March 18th 2019)
  • IEC blog on Helping organization boards and executives ask and answer key questions about AI technologies (Feb 12th 2019)
  • IEC e-tech article on AI in healthcare: keeping data safe and building trust (January 25th 2019)
  • IEC blog on Making AI safe (January 23rd 2019)
  • IEC e-tech article on Healthcare needs doctors and machines (December 10th, 2018)
  • IEC e-tech article on Eliminating data bias from machine learning systems (November 13th 2018)
  • IEC e-tech article on Smart homes are getting smarter (November 6th 2018)
  • IEC e-tech article on Machine learning is not a synonym for AI (October 17th 2018)
  • IEC e-tech article on Rethinking the healthcare ecosystem (reference to SC 42)

ISO Multimedia

  • ISO video interview with Chair of SC 42 on Standards and Artificial Intelligence (November 14th 2018)
    • Artificial Intelligence and the role of International Standards in the implementation of this technology
  • ISO video interview with Chair of SC 42 on Standards and Artificial Intelligence Continued (November 14th 2018)
    • Artificial Intelligence and easing the mind of end-users including AI trustworthiness, ethics and societal concerns

IEC Multimedia

  • IEC video interview with Chair of SC 42 on How can we ensure AI is safe for Healthcare? (April 6th 2019)
  • IEC video interview with Chair of SC 42 on Is it too early to use machine learning for cybersecurity? (April 5th 2019)
  • IEC video interview with Chair of SC 42 on To what extent is AI ready for standardization? (April 5th 2019)
  • IEC video interview with Chair of SC 42 on What are some of the challenges you see with AI? (March 26th 2019)
  • IEC video interview with Chair of SC 42 on How to Define Artificial Intelligence (March 26th 2019)
  • IEC video interview with Chair of SC 42 on Why do we need standards for AI? (March 26th 2019)
  • IEC video interview with Chair of SC 42 on Artificial Intelligence (February 4th 2019)
    • The growing influence of AI in Smart Manufacturing and the important role of standards
  • IEC video interview with Chair of SC 42 on Artificial Intelligence (February 4th 2019)
    • Standardization can help eliminate data bias in AI

Global Standards Collaboration (GSC-22) 2019 Session on Artificial Intelligence

  • ISO news on Standards cooperation is key to making AI and smart cities a reality (April 4th 2019)
  • IEC blog on 22nd Global Standards Collaboration meeting discusses need for standards to accelerate AI technology innovation and adoption (April 3rd 2019)

Revision History

  • Revision 4
    • Date: May 2019
    • Author: Wael William Diab (Chair)
    • Notes:
      • Update based on progress 3rd plenary progress and resolutions
      • Added section under other groups to include current and completed AHGs
      • Added section on additional information, media coverage and communications
      • Added section on SC 42 participation in JTC 1 Advisory Groups and Ad-hoc Groups
      • Simplified the progress section of the second annual meeting and fixed typos on the inaugural meeting
      • Added pictures of leadership teams (chair, secretariats, convenors and editors) for each plenary in addition to the pictures of the delegates
  • Revision 3
    • Date: March 2019
    • Author: Wael William Diab (Chair)
    • Notes: Update based on progress post 2nd plenary, registration of TRs, approval on risk management NP and JTC 1 affirmation of SC 42/JWG 1. Added section other groups to include current and completed AHGs.
  • Revision 2
    • Date: November 2018
    • Author: Wael William Diab (Chair)
    • Notes: Update based on outcome of 2nd plenary
  • Revision 1
    • Date: October 2018
    • Author: Wael William Diab (Chair)
    • Notes: Initial version based on inaugural plenary