Developing standards for emerging technologies and innovations

Posted by on Oct 17, 2018 in Uncategorized | 0 comments

During the IEC and ISO Joint Technical Committee (ISO/IEC JTC 1) plenary in Lillehammer, Norway in 2016, it was decided to establish a Joint Advisory Group (JAG) Group on Emerging Technology and Innovation (JETI).

In an interview, the Convenor of JETI, Dr. Seungyun Lee, talks about the group’s work and latest activities.

What is the aim of JETI?

JETI is mandated to seek opportunities to facilitate JTC 1 standards development for future emerging and innovation technologies with following terms of reference (ToR):

  • Assess the opportunities addressing evolving ICT business needs.
  • Assess technology opportunities to identify the relevant standardization issues and priorities that warrant immediate action and those that JTC 1 should watch for potential consideration at a later date.
  • Emphasize reaching out and incorporating input from external stakeholders, such as verticals, including financial services, healthcare or others.
  • Monitor future considerations from JTC 1 subcommittees (SCs), working groups (WGs), through their business plans, dashboards, and/or other alternative information sources, in order to successfully develop standards and planning with the appropriate coordination.
  • Make recommendations on actions to JTC 1.
  • Review and make suggestions to revise JTC 1 planning process (SD 4) as appropriate.

By carrying out these activities, JETI also maintains the JTC 1 planning process which entails four steps from information collecting to making recommendations. During the JTC 1 JAG meeting in Toronto this year, JAG recommended that JTC 1 should create a special working group which takes on the transfer of responsibility of JETI with the same ToR in anticipation of the disbanding of JAG from the following year.

What are the challenges?

There are many challenging issues on current standards development in the area of emerging and innovation technologies. In particular, since the current industries are faster evolving due to various ICT technologies so called digital transformation towards the fourth industrial revolution, the work on development of relevant standards is going to be more complicated where there are many more points to consider than in the past.

Firstly, what we have seen with recent ICT standards development is highly complex and converged specifications, fast delivery and adoption by industry as well as the need for openness. These are the fundamental requirements for a new paradigm of standards development for the forth industrial revolution.

Secondly, we need to consider significant requirements from market and industry, such as customer and provider requirements, which could make it more feasible for standards.

Thirdly, we must see if there are overlapping efforts among standards development organizations (SDOs). For example, in recent years, SDOs such as ISO, IEC, ITU-T as well as fora and consortia have been developing similar standards for Cloud Computing, Big Data, Artificial Intelligence (AI), Blockchain and others. So active cooperation among SDOs is increasingly important in order to prevent duplication and improve efficiency and relevance.

Finally, one of other significant issue is an open source or open source software. When we think about faster market penetration and proliferation of standards, open source could offer faster adoption and flexibility than standards, and open source itself is becoming a standard. For this reason, we need to consider how JTC 1 will treat open source software and how it will cooperate with the open source community as well.

Which technologies are you looking at?

In line with the JTC 1 planning process, JETI conducts surveys with JTC 1 SCs, WGs and study groups (SGs). One carried a few years ago for AI resulted in a proposal during the 2017 JTC 1 Plenary for need to develop standards for AI. Thanks to this survey work with support of JTC 1 members, JTC 1 decided to establish a new Subcommittee (SC) 42 for AI.

Over the past year, JETI has looked at emerging technologies with a broader spectrum based on recent trend analysis from research firms such as Gartner, IDC and others. Through an internal survey to JTC 1 experts in January 2018, JETI identified 15 top priority technologies as follows:

  1. Smart car
  2. Autonomous systems
  3. Robotics
  4. Connected car
  5. Digital twin
  6. Autonomous vehicles
  7. Quantum computing
  8. Augmented data discovery
  9. Virtual assistance
  10. Brain-computer interface
  11. 4D printing
  12. Cognitive computing
  13. Drone
  14. Smart workspace
  15. Neuromorphic hardware

Following on from this, JETI conducted another survey to all JTC 1 entities to work out the next steps to take for the 15 priority technologies. As a result, we were able to identify the related activities, priority areas and future work items in the current JTC 1 activities. So I believe that these survey results will be quite useful for all JTC 1 entities when they consider their future development of relevant standards and it will also facilitate their activities.

What is in the pipeline?

For the top 15 priority technologies identified by JETI, we are now developing the Technology Trend Report (TTR) in specific areas that we believe need in-depth analysis. We identified the following four:

JETI is also preparing a strategic plan for open source software assessment in terms of JTC 1 perspectives. It will mainly cover the JTC 1 strategy for IPR and license in open source software.

JETI will then use this to make some relevant recommendation(s) for how JTC 1 should proceed in this area, during the next JTC 1 Plenary.

Who and how can people get involved with JETI?

Basically, JETI is open to all JTC 1 experts, including SC Chair(s) and WG/SG Convenor(s), who are interested in future emerging and innovative technologies. They can apply to be JETI members through their national body office. Any questions or comments can be sent to me, JETI Convenor, syl@etri.re.kr and/or Mr KwanHoo Shin, JETI Secretary kyleshin7@tta.or.kr.

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